Alopecia Areata

 What is alopecia areata?

Normally we lose up to 100 hairs from our scalp every day which is normal and in most people, it regrows again but many people lose hair as they grow older. You can also lose hair due to some diseases such as thyroid, diabetes. If you have a certain disease like cancer then due to chemotherapy you lose your hair. Due to stress, lack of protein in our diet, and family background. 

Alopecia areata is a medical disorder that causes the loss of hairs in small patches. It is an autoimmune disease that attacks the hair follicles and attacks the growth of the hair. They are mostly in the circle or oval shape but they can be any other shape. Mostly it affects our scalp but it can occur in any part of our body that has hairs.

Alopecia areata

Causes of alopecia areata

This disease is due to the attack of the immune system on the hair follicles. The number of lost hairs varies from person to person, in some people it causes the loss of some hairs or patches but in fewer cases, it causes large patches of hair loss. It occurs in both males and females but mostly occurs in childhood. In a few cases, it causes a complete hair loss and might remove all the body hairs also.

Symptoms of alopecia areata

These are the certain symptoms of alopecia areata. If you see all of these in you then go to the doctor for a complete examination.

  • Thinning of hair(means hair loss)

  • Itching or burning at the areas of hair loss

  • Weak fingernails and toenails

  • Broken nails

  • White spots and lines appear in the nails

Firstly notice the extent of hair loss and tell your doctor then the doctor will take a sample from your scalp for analysis. Sometimes they also perform blood tests to check the presence of more antibodies that might be included with autoimmune disease.

Treatment of Alopecia areata

Completely the treatment or cure of alopecia but we can treat this condition just to make sure no future hair loss and try to grow back hair quickly. Treatment also varies in individuals because in some cases hair grows back by using some medicines like rubbing minoxidil on the scalp which helps to stimulate the hair growth.

Steroid injections or corticosteroid creams and ointments can also be used to cure this disease. Photochemotherapy can also be used as a treatment. Just to reduce the discomfort we use some sunscreen on the affected area from sunburn and also wear a hat or scarf. Alopecia disease associated with Celia is also treated with a gluten-free diet.


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