Obesity

 What is obesity?

Obesity is a disease involving excessive body fat. It does not only a beauty concern.obesity is the medical problem that also increases the risk of diseases like heart diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer.it is due to lack of exercise and inappropriate diet.



Symptoms

Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index is 30 or higher. To known the mass index, divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared.


  1. Below 18.5 body mass index(BMI) means your weight is underweight.

  2. 18.5 to 24.9 BMI means your weight is normal.

  3. Above 25 to 30 means you are overweight.

  4. More than 30 BMI means you have a problem with obesity.


For most people, BMI provides a reasonable body fat, but in some cases who are muscular athletes might have a BMI in the category of obesity even they have no excess body fat.


Causes


Although there are genetic, behavioral and hormones influence the body weight.it also occurs when you take more calories in a day than you burn daily by exercise or by daily activity, your body starts to store calories as fat in the body.


Most Americans have a high calories in their diet. People who suffer from obesity intake moe calories already before feeling full, feel hungry sooner, and eat more due to anxiety and stress.


Obesity




Risk factor


Obesity main due to the combination of causes and these factors described below.


Lifestyle 


It also causes due to our lifestyle choices.

Unhealthy diet

Diet contains fewer fruits and vegetables with more fast foods, oversized portions contribute the weight gain.


Liquids


People can drink many calories without any feeling of hungry like alcohol. Sugared soft drinks contribute more to weight gain.


Age


Obesity can occur at any age, but at any age, you have to follow a healthy lifestyle by doing some exercise. When you get older you tend to lose muscles from the body.

Lower mass leads to a decrease the metabolism. If you never become active in your life as you get older or not focus on what you eat, you will likely gain weight.


Pregnancy


Some women gain weight during pregnancy and could not be able to lose weight after baby birth. This weight gain might cause obesity in women sometimes.breast feeding is the best option to lose weight gain.


Microbiome


A gut bacteria which affects what you eat may increase weight and create difficulty in losing weight.


Smoking Quitting


Quitting smoking often leads to fast weight gain qualify as obesity. Often, this happens as people use food to cope with smoking withdrawal. But quitting smoking is a far good option than to continue.doctor can help you lose weight after the smoking quitting.


Lack of sleep


Too much sleep and lack of sleep can cause hormone change which further increases your appetite. You start the intake of foods high in calories and carbohydrates, which cause weight gain.


Stress


In stress, people need high-calorie foods which cause weight gain.


Complications caused by obesity



People with obesity cause many health diseases which are described below.


Heart disease


Obesity increases your blood pressure and makes your cholesterol level abnormal which is a risk factor for heart diseases and stroke.


Diabetes


Obesity also increases the risk of diabetes and reduces the insulin level.


Cancers


Obesity increases the risk of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate cancers.


Digestive problems


Obesity causes gallbladder disease and liver problems.


Sleep apnea


Obesity causes sleep apnea, a potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.


Osteoarthritis


It increases the stress placed on weight-bearing joints, in addition to promoting inflammation within the body. These factors may lead to complications such as osteoarthritis.


Obesity can destroy your quality of life. You may not be able to do things you used to do, such as participating in enjoyable activities. Weight-related issues that may affect your quality of life include:


  1. Depression

  2. Sexual problems

  3. Shame and guilt

  4. Social isolation

  5. Lower work achievement

  6. Disability

What do you have to do to avoid obesity?


The following things you should have to do to avoid obesity.


Exercise regularly at least 150 t0 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. It includes fast walking and swimming.


Follow a healthy diet plan. Take diet nutrient-dense foods such as fruits vegetables and whole grains.

To get the lean belly you have to click there. Because might be you feel difficulty in doing an exercise then you can use this.

Monitor your weight regularly. It helps you to know about your weight variations. If it increases you can take different steps to lose your weight to a suitable level.

Be consistent

Be regular in what are you doing effort to lose weight.

Recommendation:

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