Kidney stone

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 Kidney stone

The solid crystal mass found in the kidney is known as kidney stones. The kidney stones develop anywhere around the kidney like kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra in the body.

The pain of the kidney stones is the worst feeling of the medical. There are different types of stones that develop in the body. Following explained term by term.

  • Cystine

The cystine develops in both men or women, The cause of the cystine is the genetic disorder of cystinuria. The good thing is that cystine is very rarely found in humans. By this stone cystine naturally presents acid leak from the kidneys into the urine which causes the pain.

  • Uric Acid

This stone develops in the body that has an excess of uric acid in body like a patient of gout or another excess of uric acid. This stone is found commonly in men and women.

When someone takes purines which increases the acidic level of the urine. The increase of the acidic level of uric acid helps in developing stones. Purines are found in the meal of fish, and meat.

  • Calcium

This type of stone is very common. The core of the calcium stone is the calcium oxalate, the calcium phosphate or calcium malate found in the oxalate. It is caused by enriched foods with calcium oxalate. Following are the high oxalate foods :

  • Potato chips

  • Beets

  • Spinach

  • Peanuts

  • Chocolate


These stones are easily removed by taking a diet having low calcium oxalate.




  • Struvite

The struvite is mostly found in women in the urinary tract. These stones infect the urinary tract and can be large enough to obstruct the urinary. This stone is treated by the treatment of the underlying infection. 





What are the symptoms and signs of kidney stones?

First of all, severe pain in the kidney due to kidney.If a kidney stone is created in the kidney but the symptoms of the stones do not happen until the stones move to the ureters.The pain around the back or abdomen.


The pain is also known as renal colic. In some cases, it can be bearable but in most cases, it is not bearable and causes restlessness.


Other pain, there are also many other symptoms of kidney stone:

  • Chills

  • Fever

  • Blood in urine and the color of the urine is red, brown, and pink)

  • Vomiting is also sign

  • Nausea

  • Foul-smelling of urine



Kidney stones are a problem or not?


In most cases, kidney stones are small enough to pass through the ureter and then pass into the bladder, sometimes stones block the urine and infect the ureter causing urine obstruction. The urine obstruction leads to a kidney infection. Maybe kidney failure or damage to the kidney.







Treatment

The treatment of kidney stones according to the type of stone. Drinking plenty of water increases the urine and stones flow with the urine. The amount of the water will be six to eight glasses of water a day or six to eight liters.

When you feel pain then you should contact the doctor. Another thing is to avoid solid things and increase the fluid intake like juices.

Lower the oxalate-rich foods, salts, and animal proteins in the diet.


 

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