Second trimester

 SECOND TRIMESTER:

                                            A pregnancy period usually lasts for approximately 40 weeks. These weeks are divided into three trimesters. Here we are talking about the second trimester which includes weeks 13 through 27 of the pregnancy period.

In the 2nd trimester, the child grows large and stronger and lots of girls begin displaying a larger belly. Maximum ladies locate that the second trimester is lots less difficult than the first, but it’s still important to be knowledgeable about your pregnancy condition in the second trimester.


Understanding your pregnancy condition week by week assist you to make well-known decisions and prepare you for upcoming huge changes.


SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms of the second trimester include:

  • Expansion of uterus.

  • You begin to show a bigger Stomach (Abdomen).

  • Drowsiness and unsteadiness due to lower blood pressure.

  • Body Pain

  • Improved Appetite.

  • Stretching signs on Breasts, thighs, and buttocks.

  • Dermal changes like developing dark skin around your nipples.

  • Having Swollen Arms and ankles.


Go for Check-up to your doctor if you have:


  • Excessive Swelling.

  • Nausea (Motion sickness).

  • Jaundice (Yellowing of White of eyes and skin).

  • The sudden gain in weight.


Several changes also occur during the second trimester period such as changes in the women’s body and in the fetus. We will discuss the changes that occur in the second trimester period.


CHANGES IN WOMEN’S BODIES:

                                                In the course of the Second Trimester symptoms that you might experience in the phase of the first trimester begin to enhance. Many women find the second trimester as the most enjoyable part of the pregnancy as the symptoms of nausea and fatigue begin to reduce.


CHANGES IN FETUS:

                                        The second Trimester Stages occur from 13 to 26 weeks. Following changes occur in the fetus.


  • The Baby’s Organ becomes fully developed.

  • Also, the Baby develops the ability to listen and swallowing.

  • The baby starts moving around. 

  • It will also develop the ability of sleeping and waking that the mother will start observing.

  • Baby gains weight a little over two pounds.

  • At the end of the second trimester, the baby will be about 14 inches in length.


  • Make an Appointment with the doctor:


. Women must see Gynecologist after every two to four weeks during the second trimester period of pregnancy. Tests that might be done during regular visits to gynecologists include:

  • Measures changes in Weight.

  • Check blood pressure 

  • Ultrasound

  • Amniocentesis

  •  Diabetes Test

  • Searching for any birth defects or having another genetic screening test.

During this period doctor can detect by performing an ultrasonic test whether your baby is a boy or a girl. Basically, it’s your choice to know the sex of the baby before the birth of the baby.

  • Personal health care:

It is necessary to know about health care as your pregnancy continues to prevent complications during birth. Healthy Treatment of yourself helps you in the progression of health of your child.

  • Use Prenatal Vitamins

  • Take Regular Exercise.

  • Do Kegel Exercises.

  • Eat Plenty of fruits and vegetables.

  • Take low fats form of protein.

  • Keep yourself Hydrated.

  • Eat about more than 300 Calories.

  • Brush your teeth regularly to keep your gums and teeth healthy.

What to avoid after knowing about pregnancy?


  • Avoid any strenuous workout that would cause serious damage to your belly.

  • Avoid drinking alcohol.

  • Avoid taking more than one cup of coffee or tea per day.

  • Abstain from smoking.

  • Refrain from eating Raw fish and smoked seafood.

  •  Avoid Cat muddle, which could carry a parasite that causes toxoplasmosis.

  • Avoid drinking unpasteurized milk and other dairy products.

In addition, do not use any kinds of supplements without your doctor's consent. 

To know about the first trimester click here.

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