Heart Attack

 What is a Heart Attack?

The second name of heart attack is myocardial infarction which happens when a part of the heart muscles does not get enough blood. “May” means muscle “cardio” means heart and “infarction means the death of tissue because there is a lack of blood supply. As time passes without treatment to restore normal blood flow, greater will be the chance of damage to heart muscles. A heart attack happens when there is a blockage in the blood flow to the heart so enough oxygen cannot reach the heart. Sometimes you may experience a mini heart attack.

Heart Attack Symptoms

There are some symptoms of heart attack are listed below:

  • Feeling heaviness on the chest, pain in the chest,arm or below your breastbone.

  • Feeling pain in your back,jaw and throat.

  • Feeling fatigue without doing too much work.

  • Uneven heartbeat rate.

Some symptoms appear in some people.Mostly these symptoms appear in womens.

  • Shortness of breath, mostly happens before chest discomfort.

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Feeling discomfort in the neck,shoulder and upper back. 


Causes of heart attack

Some most common causes of heart attack:

  • Your Lifestyle, your age and family history. Most people have at least one of these causes.

  • High blood pressure

  • High blood cholesterol

  • Smoking

Age and family history are something that cannot be controlled but you can reduce the chance of heart attack by changing your lifestyle or these factors that can be controlled easily.

What to do if I have a heart attack?

 After a heart attack, the first thing you need as soon as possible is quick treatment to open your blocked arteries so that we can lessen the damage.

When you notice the first sign of a heart attack, call 911. Because the correct time to treat a heart attack is 1 or 2 hours after symptoms begin to appear. Waiting for a long time means more damage to your heart and decreases the chance of survival. If there is time in emergency services, chew aspirin(325mg). Because aspirin is an inhibitor of blood clots and lowers the risk of death by 25%.

What after a heart attack?

If you already had a heart attack. your heart muscles will be damaged 

The ability of the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body is also affected. there is the possibility of having another heart attack or stroke or any other heart-related problems.

  • You can lower this chance of heart attack by following these steps:

  • Talk with your doctor about your daily routine and work. So, your doctor may limit your work, travel, or sexual activity just for some time.

  • Change your lifestyle. Eat a healthy diet, do exercises, quit smoking, and manage your stress along with taking medicines.

  • Do cardiac rehabilitation because this program involves some points under complete supervision.

    •  Physical activity 

    • Guide you about healthy living, like what to eat?

    • Provide counseling to you to relieve your stress and improve your mental health.

 



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